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this page,   Toilets, standards, hygiene, moralists .. 

  bottom French

According to the Geneva-based WSSCC, 2.5 billion people live without toilets. Or feces kill millions every year because we do not generally link between water use, stomach aches and diarrhea, in countries where the diseases are very common and where the main concerns are food and water. In Kenya, Kibera, the largest slum in Nairobi, 500,000 of the 800,000 inhabitants have no accessible toilets.

Two NGOs called on the European Union to takle this health problem into account.
The two French groups that dominate the world water market have not addressed this serious problem.

The Western solution is totally unsuitable for these countries. because it is too water-consuming and requires a flow network and treatment plants. Economical, sceptic pits also end up infiltrating groundwater and contaminating water, not to mention disease-carrying flies.

A solution seems successful in China, with ecological toilets "dry", where urine and faeces are separated, the latter being placed in compost collectors to be used as fertilizer. Two NGOs called on the European Union to take this health problem into account. See below, "ecological toilets".



In vivid air
It is well known that Mother Nature purifies when the air is free and "alive", but only if it remains within reasonable limits. Containment is a source of many evils. Don't we recommend airing the rooms regularly ? Don't we like clothes dried outside, even without sunlight ?

At Chaumont (France), in the park : toilet blocks are very airy, wide open on the sides, up to the roof. Aesthetics and friendliness, although not very hot in the winter. For a large summer population, this is perfect. The side walls of the boxes do not go down to the ground in Anglo-Saxon style, which seems to be becoming more common. Un modèle qui pourrait être repris pour les poubelles d'immeubles. Watch out for the bag on the groundv! it can be seized from the adjacent boxes.

Hygiene We shouldn't touch anything unless we have our hands washed. Neither cover nor brush or tap or door. Automatic valves is a partial answer, but they should automatically move ahead before quitting out the seat. Unthinkable. Don't shake hands anylonger? Europeans are virtually alone in holding this practice. But it is spreading inside diplomatic and professional circles.

Toilets with view. Toilets, private or public, are enclosed, often poorly ventilated and unhealthy.
Obviously, this is not the case with these, a unique case perhaps, typically English..

With their new toilet bowl, the Japanese have developed a real buttocks's washing station.
Unfortunately, I didn't ever seen nor experienced them, but they will both wash and dry your back. We would have think at sort of rolls, as for washing cars, but it's jets. May be a few of us will be going again for their sake, having a sort of local Thalassotherapy. One day, the pleasure tresspassing the necessity, couldn't they supply jacuzzy bubble?

Since his first exhibition, another progress arose: urinalysis, blood pressure measurement, proportion of fat and weighed. Enough to cut the envy to enter. When I think that it was before a "quiet corner" ! see more development below.

We shouldn't touch anything unless we have our hands washed. Neither cover nor brush or tap or door.
Automatic taps is a partial answer, but they should automatically move ahead before quitting out the seat. Unthinkable.

Don't shake hands anylonger ? This practice is typically European. But it is spreading inside diplomatic and professional circles.

Pressing needs. English law forsees that pregnant women can seek assistance to a "Bobby," an English police officer, when they can no longer restrain. The aid consists of a helmets loan by the policeman. They don't say what the police do then, for example, if he puts it back imperturbably on the head. In The City, small neighborhood preserved with medieval rights, a policeman should hide (with his cape?) any person who have would a little too pushy need. The Queen can not enter this area without a permit. Toilets with moral. After Germany, the talking toilets are emerging in the Netherlands. Equipped with several sensors, they remind the user, after having examined and sniffed (he/she?), the hygiene rules to be followed (flush, do not smoke ..) and even prevent the next user before it returns ? It will be good for the visually impaired. The next evolution could it be followed by a punishment ? .. And road safety. In New Mexico, urinals are talking. More than 300 talking deodorant patties will be available in State bars, because "there is no audience more captive than a guy in front of a urinal," says the inventor. According to the weekly "Marianne", the urine client will be able to hear "hello sweetheart, you've been drinking a few drinks? it's time to call a taxi or get a ride".

"We wash our hands" from Dr. Frédéric Saldmann.
Par  Anne Jeanblanc. Le Point 03 2007.

"The antibiotic revolution has led us to lower our guard and no longer teach the old principles of hygiene in schools. He It is essential to relearn the simple steps of sanitation" Drying is essential", because there are 500 times more germs on wet hands than on dry hands. But they must be wiped mechanically, with paper or a disposable towel. Hot air blowers send germs into the atmosphere that can then be inhaled. Would the new Dyson be better? I have a positive bias.

In a humid and hot environment, the number of microbes is multiplied every hour by 100. Toothbrushes should be discarded after a colds, bronchitis or any ENT infection. Each new use is a source of recontamination, and an old flu is dragged around for a long time without understand.. Same for tissues stored in a pocket, warm and comfortable.

Flushing without shutting down the toilet. I quote: ""a U.S. study shows that people often have the reflex to look inside the toilet while flushing. Especially with the toilets provided with a pressured system, the germs that may be present are then propelled into the air and can cause respiratory infections. To avoid this aerosol, always close the lid before flushing the water".

hibis This does not prevent you from looking to monitor your stools. Some toilets (Germany...) have a flat part on which to place our little gift. This allows better monitoring of stools, a useful preventive habit.

Escherichia coli, fecal bacteria that spreads through all contacts: taps, doorknobs, handshakes.. The 0157 H7 strain is the most responsible for death every year.

Yersinia enterococci. One of the many bacteria that thrive in toilet bowls.

Légionelle. It proliferates in hot water tanks and air conditioning systems that may be maintained.

Toxocara canis. Parasite worm found in the feces of dogs. Spoil sometimes children sandboxes.

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