The principal temples are dedicated to Vishnu (Viçnu) and Shiva (çiva), a very ambiguous God. The majority of the historians agree to classify hindouist temples in three categories, founded on the structure of their higher part : the tower sanctuary with curvilinear roof, the temple with pyramidal roof (India of the south), the temple covered in cradle, named thus because of the form and the function of their higher part.
A multitude of temples are for local divinities. The latter are more attended than the large ones, mainly religious sanctuaries reserved to the priests (shamans). The religion is primarily practised at home and in the daily life. There are however great pilgrimages, or more modest processions towards a small temple dedicated to some local god or a vestige, a relic, an animal statue as for the giant statue of the holy bull Nanda, the mounting of Shiva/çiva at Mysore.
The very ambiguous god Shiva (Siva, çiva), who carries the inevitable death of all the beings. It often seems a death smiling, dancing, almost tempting. Multiple arms, carrying symbols
India, procession. Le Figaro magazine, December 96.
|gesture of the anjali, Indian greeting. It is both a mark of social and religious cortesy, which not only addressed to the greeted individual but to his law interior, its god.||The
Indian wheel of the life and the chariot of God
through the vault of heaven (temple of the sun (Konarak).
|Indian cross |
The Indian cross (swatiska), religious symbol with four bent branches. Its four branches turned to the right, represent the man, the mammals, the birds and the reptiles. Only the man can escape from it to reach the Nirvana while passing by the right knowledge, the right control and the meditation.
Le Figaro magasine picture, december 96.
Temple of Chenna Keshava
Le figaro magazine, december 96.
Temple Tejahpâla (Luna Vasahi. Encycl. Larousse.
|Most of time, one knows Indian's temples only by their erotic sculptures ; left hand picture is another wonder, the horses backyard of the temple of Srirangam, surrounded by seven concentric enclosures and dedicated to Vishnou.. Le Figaro, 17 janvier 2004.
However, you can admire, on the right, a very special activity and rarely revealed, so to speak. Without a doubt in honor of a god.
|Religious or incantatory, eroticism is integral part of the art in oldest civilizations, from the prehistoric man (sexes raised on the walls of the caves), the Chinese, the Greeks with their giant phallus alleys or the Mochicas Indians and their erotic statuettes of pleasure in couples or alone. India has surpassed this art that is said not to be felt as erotic at the time, as we interpret it nowadays. On a wall of an Indian temple, a little person takes care of the lady, with what seems to be a stick. Magazine.|
|Shiva is the third great god of Hinduism, and arguably the most complex. It is in principle the destroyer , which carries the inevitable death of all beings. But it often appears as a dying death , dancing, almost seductive. Unlike Vishnu, he is constantly in activity. At the rhythm of his incessant dance, he attends every creation. It is everywhere evoked in the form of an erect phallus. often black, a lingam, in relation visible with a yoni, a female sex. The mythological references that surround Shiva are sinuous and confusing.||Beside the three great gods, it is necessary to quote the strange Kali, the goddess whom one approaches only while trembling. Goddess of the destruction and fighting against the Ravana demon. Its place gave has sacrifice human until the 19th S in Bengal. She touches to our fundamental fear. Three other female divinities, those beneficial, are attached to the three large gods, Sarasvati with Brahma, Lakshmi with Vishnou and Parvati with Shiva.|
Lastly, among the very popular characters of the tradition hindouist, impossible not to mention
Tout ce petit monde vit sur fond de renouvellement cyclique du monde, avec un imaginaire fantasmagorique qui met en jeux animaux, hommes, dieux et éléments de la terre, le tout dans un savant mélange où tout un chacun y retrouve son compte.
The fundamental belief of the hindouism refers to Samsara, the cycle
necessary of the successive rebirths that all must traverse before arriving
at the nirvana, the supreme release in the extinction. This cycle depends on
which is the weight of our acts, which makes us reborn in such
or such standard of living and risk to prolong, in forms often painful and
humiliating, our cycle of existences.
Another central concept, the 4th , which is at the same time the order of the world and the obligation that have all the men to respect their personal (the duty), balance which allows the harmonization of the relationship between the men, and to remain in the (the social category, where they were born, in order to follow the right way. An often quoted sentence affirms: The dharma, when it is protected, protects. When it is destroyed, destroy.
The society is organized as follows: at the top of the scale are the Brahmans, (priests),
then come the “kshatriya”, the warriors, the “vaishya”, the tradesmen.
the bas of the scale are the “dalit”, untouchable,
renamed the harijan
(sons of God), which do not have the right to walk at certain hours because
their impure shade can be harmful for the others !.
At the origin, the
Hindu is not born in a caste. The rule was tightened with the profit of the
leading castes. India abolished it officially in 1949. With relatively little
success, I believe.
Rather surprisingly, these spiritual and philosophical
concepts does not bother too much,
seemingly a not very
robbery, corruption and
baksheesh, various traffics and “wild”
humans's organs taking away,
murder and so much contemptible acts. the religion seems dumb on these
subjects, contrary to the Abrahamiques religions ones,
strong of their morals, their commands and their interdicts (see fondoc3 at
the foot of the page). Let us add that 45.000 children disappear each year
in India, while authorities, nor the police force
do not worrying any.