the museum of Noumea
Huts, top hut spires, case entry frames, masks, sculptures, petroglyphes, both Kanak and Asmat civilisation etc..
Ancestor mast from Irian Jaya (West New Guinea, Asmat tribe). The Asmat, cannibal until 1960 were conquered by the Dutch and the Muslims of Indonesia, then were repressed and decimated, obliged to give up, as everywhere, their culture and rituals. Their rites were re-allowed thereafter. Some of this tribe now carved for tourists, but rather live miserably without the support and care, far from what allowed them before to produce food. Others still live in fairly large huts built at the tree tops. Ancestor mast : previously, each sculpted head represented an ancestor, and it was advised to care it, because their minds could take revenge by misfortune and disease.
Poterie Lapita, whose name come from the spot of discovery (New Caledonie).
Under various forms, the Caledonian "tapa" is common in many tribal cultures of the world. It is made with
bark, or better I believe, with the layer under the bark, leaves or fibers of different origins.
hammered without being pulped, until obtaining a good cohesion and adequate thinning, and then dried. The texture is that of a
thin cardboard, flexible enough to be rolled, and comparable to a rustic parchment.
The tapa is used as panels for walls, decorated with symbolic designs and features. It was also used for making ornaments and
clothes, but very stiff and not very elegant, it was abandoned after the introduction of the occidental fabric.
see also " tribes"
|For Kanak of New Caledonia, the aboriginaltraditional oven consists of pre-heated stones buried in the soil. It is a big job, chopping wood, digging a large hole in the ground, preparing the fire, which should make heating stones, wraping the food in packages. It usually begins the day before. Succulent when prepared in the rules, the food is different and juicy. A personal memory of Ouvéa, in an inauguration, which I measure long after, the importance. See also "bougna" in "WORDS".||
This method of cooking was widespread and it is
still used in some parts of the world, as in Irian Jaya (New Guinea west)
Right hand picture, in a tree dwelling. Hot stones avoid aliments to be dried and keep the juice.
hutis big enough for the three or four women to have a corner for them.
Climbing up there is not easy. Last "scale" is a mere
pole with simple cuts. |
This cooking is back in our "civilized" countries, with the use of beautiful electric stones plates, put on the table. It is much more simpler to cook on meat or crustaceous !